If you’re looking for the perfect tree to plant in your Bloomington yard, you’ll want to consider the Norway Pine. Given it is the Official Tree of the State of Minnesota it’s not surprising that there are more Norway Pines planted in the state of Minnesota than any other tree. But if you’re new to Minnesota, you may be unfamiliar with the Norway Pine. That’s because everyone else in the United States calls this tree a Red Pine!
What makes it a great tree for your yard…. Besides its beauty.
Most trees require professional pruning at least once a year, but the Norway Pine is a self-pruning tree, meaning that the tree will shed dead branches on its own, saving you time, work and money over the years. Pruning is important, whether self-pruning or human intervention, in order to keep the tree healthy and help heal wounds and prevent diseases. Because the Norway Pine (or Red Pine) is self-pruning, it is more resistant to disease and insects than other types of trees.
According to the University of PA, “Red Pines grow very rapidly for their first 60 or 70 years of life and can live for up to 350 years.” They generally reach heights of 60-80 feet, but 100-foot-tall Norway Pines are not unheard of. If you are planting a young Red Pine, be sure to give it plenty of room. At full growth this majestic tree will have a trunk diameter of 30-40”. It's important to take note of a Norway Pine's height at maturity if you have overhead power lines. Sadly, our tree removal team has had to cut down our fair share of Red Pines because they grew too close to the lines.
The Norway Pine is a very hearty tree. No surprises there given it’s native to our state with temps that can dip quite low! The University of Minnesota lists the Norway Pine on its recommended list of trees to use as a natural windbreak, which supports the winter-heartiness of this tree. If you have a long driveway, a row of Norway Pines creates a beautiful entrance to your home as well as serving as a natural snow fence and wind break to prevent snow from blowing onto your driveway.
One potential “negative” to planting a pine tree though, is that it is difficult to grow turf under a pine tree because, as the U of MN explains, “Pine roots fill a large circle of soil under their foliage, making it difficult to grow turf and other plants underneath these trees.”
If you decide a Norway Pine is the tree for you, be aware that it does need full sun to thrive. Consider this when selecting the location in your yard for your Red/Norway Pine.